Adani Ports Secures Environmental Clearance for Mundra Port Expansion

Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Ltd (APSEZ) has received crucial environmental and coastal regulation zone clearances from India’s Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC). This approval paves the way for a significant expansion project at Mundra Port, estimated at Rs 45,000 crore. The expansion will nearly double the port’s cargo handling capacity from 225 million tonnes to 514 million tonnes annually​.

Strategic Importance of Mundra Port

Mundra Port, located in Gujarat’s Kutch district, is already India’s largest commercial port and a key container port by volume. In FY24, the port managed to handle 179.6 million tonnes of cargo, including 7.4 million twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs). This accounted for over a quarter of India’s total cargo volumes and more than a third of container cargo​.

Detailed Expansion Plans

The approved expansion involves an increase in the port’s capacity by 289 million tonnes, covering a substantial area of 3,335 hectares. The project will include facilities for handling multi-purpose, liquid, gas, and cryogenic cargo. The enhancements will introduce five new handling lines and two cantilever rail-mounted gantry (CRMG) cranes, alongside a new terminal operating system aimed at improving operational efficiency.

Economic and Operational Impact

The expansion is expected to significantly bolster APSEZ’s negotiating position for extending the concession period of the Mundra port with the Gujarat government, which is set to expire in 2031 after a 30-year term. The investment will not only enhance the port’s capacity but also create numerous job opportunities during both the construction and operational phases, thereby contributing to regional economic growth.

Sustainability and Environmental Considerations

Adani Ports has committed to implementing robust environmental mitigation measures as part of its expansion strategy. This includes adhering to stringent regulatory requirements to minimize the environmental impact of the expanded operations. The focus on sustainability aligns with global best practices and reinforces the port’s commitment to environmentally responsible growth.

Future Projections and Milestones

APSEZ has projected that Mundra Port will exceed 200 million tonnes in cargo handling for the financial year 2025, making it the first port in India to achieve this milestone. Despite a recent setback with the shutdown of Gangavaram Port leading to a loss of around 6 million metric tonnes (MMT) of cargo volumes, Mundra Port continues to break records. In May 2024, it handled 17.6 MMT of cargo, the highest monthly volume ever recorded at an Indian port, and managed over 700,000 TEUs in a single month​.


The environmental clearance for the Rs 45,000 crore Mundra Port expansion is a significant milestone for Adani Ports, reinforcing its leadership in the Indian maritime sector. The strategic expansion, coupled with robust infrastructure upgrades and a commitment to sustainability, positions Mundra Port to handle future trade growth and maintain its status as a critical gateway for international commerce in India.


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